英文摘要：In this paper, children’s images of overcoming hardships in Korean and Chinese children’s literature were studied focused on Mongsil sister and
Xuěguómèng. Mongsil’s shocked and confused by the collapse of the family community, the smallest and most fundamental community to which human
beings belong. Especially in the extreme hardship of war, the hardships of the times were maximized. Xǐquè’s also going through a personal hardship of father’s
absence. It’s the same also as Mongsil that Xǐquè goes through the hardships of poverty. And she moves to a faraway place with the villagers, she undergoes an
unfamiliar environment, especially the hardship of enduring the harsh cold for the first time in her life.
Mongsil raises her younger sister alone during the war after her stepmother’s death. People around her who feel sorry for her say let’s take her younger sister
and live together. But she refuses because she has learned from experience what the idea of relying on someone else’s power results. Xǐquè takes a train alone to her distant hometown, and she carries a bucket of water to help her busy mother and brings water to a distant stream. In particular, Xǐquè’s appearance of waiting
her mother through a heavy snowstorm will remain in the reader’s memory for a long time as a child’s image who overcomes hardships by oneself.
Even though Mongsil was too young to live alone without an adult, with the help of the village community, she could live by herself taking care of her
younger sister. Also Xǐquè’s villagers moved to faraway places, but they continueto maintain the community and help each other. In some cases, even if the place
where they live changes, the existing village community is maintained, and in some cases, new communities are formed like those who work in the mountains
to help each other. Mongsil also forms a new community with people around her while waiting in line for more than 15 days with her sick father.
Both Gwon Jeongsaeng and Qiūxūn are concerned about life problems and have suggested independence through Mongsil and Xǐquè. They also emphasized
the importance of neighbors, and reminded could overcome hardships only in a community of shared future for mankind. Combining the results analyzed in this
paper, can see that children’s self-reliant attitudes and efforts should be premised in overcoming hardships, and the role of communities such as family
communities and village communities is needed.
原载于韩国KCI登载地核心期刊《The Korea Association of Literature for Children and Young Adults》第26期