英文摘要：This paper reviewed the process and its contents in which ‘the principle of our state first’ was raised, and analyzed the works that embodied ‘the principle of our
state first’ among the works published in the Adong Munhak(Children’s Literature). ‘The principle of our state first’ was first mentioned in an editorial on the front page of the Rodong Sinmun on 30 Nov 2017. The editorial is about the success of test launch of ICBM Hwasong-15. The success of test launch of ICBM Hwasong-15 confirmed that ‘the principle of our state first’ had been raised. ‘The principle of our state first’ has clearly elevated its status since the 70th anniversary of the founding of DPRK, and is emphasized by Kim Jong Un’s originative ideology and a strong ideological weapon. ‘The principle of our state first’ is defined by pride in the strength and superiority of the Juche Korea and the Korean people, and awareness and willingness to put the status of the socialist country higher.
DPRK’s national symbols includes the name of a country(Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), national emblem, national flag, national anthem(‘Patriotic Song’ was written by Pak Se Yong and set to music by Kim Won Gyun), national language(Korean), national flower(Mokran), national tree(pine), national bird(Eurasian goshawk), national dog(Phungsan dog) and national alcohol(Pyongyang Soju). DPRK’s various state symbols are easy and common in the everyday lives of its people. Therefore, it can be said that education through national symbols is a way to materialize ‘the principle of our state first’ in everyday life.
The September 2018 issue of Adong Munhak isn’t too much to say that it’s a special issue of ‘the principle of our state first.’ It focused on implementing ‘the principle of our state first.’ It should be noted that ‘the principle of our state first’has been implemented through children’s verse expressing national symbols. Like any country, it values national symbolism and wants to awaken patriotism. It’s common for children’s literature in DPRK to reflect ‘the principle of our state first’ and shape national symbolism.
原载于韩国KCI登载地核心期刊《The Korea Association of Literature for Children and Young Adults》第26期